Telehealth Abortions: The Next Battleground
Insights

Telehealth Abortions: The Next Battleground

by Sneha Pandey , Insights Manager 5 Min.
June 28, 2022 | Updated July 31, 2022

Demand for telehealth abortions skyrockets 2,585% on June 24th as states discuss crackdowns

Between the May 2nd leak of a U.S. Supreme Court opinion overturning the constitutional right to abortion and the June 24th ruling that made it official, interest in medication abortion options available by online telehealth and by mail order has surged.

Key Findings

  • Searches for keywords related to purchasing abortion pills online increased 106% from April to May 2022, according to Similarweb estimates
  • Traffic to telehealth abortion websites increased 456% from April to May 2022,  followed by a 2,585% increase in daily visits to telehealth platforms the day of the verdict, June 24th, according to Similarweb estimates
  • Aid Access is the leading international platform shipping abortion medication to states, despite state bans and restrictions. Traffic to Aid Access, Similarweb data shows,  surged 528% from April to May 2022 – reaching an estimated 291,000 visits in May 2022, followed by a massive 2,170% increase in daily visits the day of the verdict, June 24th.

Before 1973’s landmark decision, Roe v. Wade decriminalized abortion – and before medication abortion was made readily accessible, millions of Americans navigated loopholes and under-the-radar alternatives to surgical abortion that were largely unsafe if not deadly.

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Nearly 50 years later, millions of Americans yet again find themselves beginning to navigate legal loopholes and under-the-radar alternatives in the aftermath of Roe being overturned by the Supreme Court on June 24. However, people today may not need to turn to “back-alley” surgical abortions, as the illegal and often dangerous procedures of the past were then described.

The difference this time is the accessibility to much safer, self-administered alternatives as a result of digital healthcare paired with mail order availability of abortion medication. Similarweb’s digital intelligence platform helps us dive deeper into emerging trends in what remains an unregulated legal gray area – and the next frontier for the abortion debate.

The Demand For Telehealth Medication Abortion Platforms

According to a report by the Guttmacher Institute, more than half of the abortions in the United States in 2020 were medication abortions. Medication abortions became increasingly popular during the COVID-19 pandemic – as a method that minimized contact in addition to providing significantly more privacy. This, along with the FDA’s approval of drugs prescribed via telehealth appointments, led to the accelerating popularity of domestic digital abortion companies, such as Hey Jane and Carafem, that entered the market as more affordable and efficient options for first-trimester patients.

  • The recent leak of the Supreme Court draft opinion was followed by a surge in searches for online resources about medication abortion. These search trends only escalated in the lead-up to the verdict date, Similarweb estimates show. Searches for keywords related to purchasing abortion pills online increased by 106% from April to May 2022.
  • As the list of trigger law states grew, so did traffic to telehealth abortion platforms – increasing 456% from April to May 2022 and reaching over 1.7M visits in May followed by a 2,585% increase in daily visits to telehealth platforms the day of the final verdict, June 24th. There appears to be a mass movement to leverage these platforms for consultations and mail-order medications amid heightened regulatory ambiguity and the onset of panic buying.

Chart: Traffic to telehealth abortion platforms

Top 10 Abortion Pill Sites

Telemedicine Resource Platforms Reveal Loopholes 

  • Domestic mail order pills/telehealth consultation platforms saw large increases in traffic to their websites after the leak of a draft of the Supreme Court opinion (which wound up being very close to the text of the final ruling). However, many such platforms have paused operations in conservative states as a result of trigger laws. Increases prior to the verdict could be attributed to visitors looking to stockpile pills before state-specific restrictions and bans are implemented.
    • Hey Jane up 134% May 2022 |  up 2397% June 24, 2022
    • Carafem up 47% May 2022 | up 62% June 24, 2022
  • Some states moved to impose bans on domestic telemedicine in addition to medication abortions as part of trigger laws.  Left with no options beyond out-of-state travel, demand for a cross-border alternative led people to overseas online pharmacies like Aid Access in their online searches.
  • Aid Access is the primary international platform shipping abortion medication to states despite restrictions. It functions by navigating legal loopholes, allowing doctors overseas to prescribe and ship medication to any state in the US. As a result, this platform has been a key traffic leader in the category of abortion pill providers and resources. Traffic to Aid Access increased 528% from April to May 2022, reaching an estimated 291,000 visits in May 2022, followed by a massive 2,170% increase in daily visits the day of the verdict, June 24th.
  • Similarly, Plan C helps connect people in states implementing bans with resources like Aid Access amongst other smaller platforms to mail order abortion medication. Plan C also contains instructions on using mail forwarding or virtual mailboxes to order abortion pills from domestic companies into a restricted state.

Chart: Traffic and engagement over time

Legal Uncertainty & Hard To Regulate Loopholes

The U.S. Supreme Court ruling clears the way for states to set their own abortion policies – a motion that has begun to materialize through the implementation of “trigger laws” or restrictive abortion laws. Numerous states are moving to ban all forms of abortion, including nineteen states that have already banned telemedicine abortions. However, as this is a largely unregulated space, the availability of telehealth and mail-order options makes an outright ban incredibly difficult to enforce. While states can exercise control over domestic telehealth practices, international-based companies are looking to close the gap by operating in legal gray areas, as we can see from the widespread rise of Aid Access’s overseas consultative services and ability to ship medication to even the most restrictive states.

As patients look to navigate this changing ecosystem, we can expect the next few months to highlight political discourse on topics like telehealth abortion regulation, abortion medications, patient privacy, cross-border abortions, contraceptive regulations, and mail order medications. There is only one certainty: medical abortions are the next front in the battle over abortion rights.

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Report By: Sneha Pandey, Insights Manager

Methodology

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